Canine Bordetella bronchiseptica – (Kennel Cough)

This bacteria is actually just one of a group of agents that can cause what is commonly referred to as “kennel cough” or infectious tracheobronchitis and laryngitis (inflammation of the airways). There are several other bacteria and viruses that can cause this condition, but the most common are Canine Parainfluenzavirus, Canine adenovirus- type1,2, and Canine Herpes. Dogs that are exposed to other dogs (such as in a kennel or dog park) or are stressed for any reason may be more susceptible to infection. This virus attacks the specialized cells in the respiratory tract that would normally defend against harmful irritants, viruses, and bacteria. It can take 4-10 days after being infected for the dog to display symptoms. Symptoms can include a mild productive or non-productive cough but can lead to loss of appetite, fever, and lethargy if a secondary bacterial infection takes advantage of the weakened immune system. Treatment may include a cough suppressant and/ or antibiotics if signs of secondary bacterial infection are present. The best prevention is vaccination by a veterinarian, either by oral administration, by intranasal route (where the liquid is applied directly into the nasal openings) or by injection.